Hua C, Bosc R, Sbidian E, et al. (2018). Interventions for necrotizing soft tissue infections in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev5:CD011680
The necrotizing soft-tissue infection is a rare pathology of bacterial origin with high morbidity and mortality, which requires multidisciplinary management. Standard management includes empiric intravenous antibiotic therapy, early surgical debridement of necrotic tissues, intensive care support and adjuvant therapies such as intravenous immunoglobulin.
What are the effects of treatments for necrotizing soft-tissue infections in adults in a hospital setting?
Three randomized trials were included, and the mean age of the subjects was 55 years: moxifloxacin vs. amoxicillin-clavulanate, AB103 vs.placebo, and intravenous immunoglobulin vs. placebo. In all three trials,interventional treatment options were performed concurrently with standard management.
No significant differences were observed in each trial for the rate of mortality in 30 days, and the rate of serious adverse events in 28 days (very low level of evidence).
This systematic review of randomized trials is based on a low number of patients and includes a high risk of bias. Inclusion criteria should be more clearly defined in future trials.Observational studies may be evaluated for inclusion if they assess key outcomes,such as mortality (in the acute phase) and quality of life (in the chronic phase) in the future.
SAMU de Paris, CHU Necker-Enfants Malades
Hospices civils de Lyon, CHU Lyon-Sud,
Marmara University School of Medicine