Cochrane summaries: Jul-Dec 18

Corticosteroids significantly reduced sequelae in patients with Bell’s palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis)

SOURCE Madhok VB, Gagyor I, Daly F et al. (2016) Corticosteroids for bell’s palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis). Cochrane Database Syst Rev 18:CD001942. CONTEXT Bell’s palsy is a relatively common presentation to emergency departments (incidence of 25/100 000/year). Though the prognosis is generally good, adverse sequelae can have a serious social impact for patients. Theuse of corticosteroids in the treatment of ...

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Bystander chest compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation increased survival of non-asphyxial out-of hospital cardiac arrest patients

SOURCE Zhan L, Yang LJ, Huang Y, et al (2017) Continuous chest compression versus interrupted chest compression for cardiopulmonary resuscitation of non-asphyxial out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 27;3:CD010134. CONTEXT Non-asphyxial out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a significant cause of death worldwide. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a well-established treatment for cardiac arrest and must be rapidly initiated by rescuers (bystanders ...

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